How to prevent heat exhaustion and heat stroke

Posted at: 06/11/2013 11:07 AM
Updated at: 06/11/2013 11:18 AM

Muscle cramping might be the first sign of heat-related illness, and may lead to heat exhaustion or stroke. Here is how you can recognize heat exhaustion and heat stroke and what to do:
Heat Exhaustion
Heavy sweating
Cold, pale, and clammy skin
Fast, weak pulse
Nausea or vomiting
What You Should Do:
Move to a cooler location.
Lie down and loosen your clothing.
Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of your body as possible.
Sip water.
If you have vomited and it continues, seek medical attention immediately.
Heat Stroke
High body temperature (above 103°F)*
Hot, red, dry or moist skin
Rapid and strong pulse
Possible unconsciousness
What You Should Do:
Call 911 immediately — this is a medical emergency.
Move the person to a cooler environment.
Reduce the person's body temperature with cool cloths or even a bath.
Do NOT give fluids.
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